Posts made in January, 2015

Kids Health | Nose Bleeds

Posted by on Jan 28, 2015 in Uncategorized | 0 comments

Kids Health  |  Nose Bleeds

Most nosebleeds look worse than they are. In other words, nosebleeds are messy, a little uncomfortable, and sometimes even scary, but they are usually no big deal. Kids can get nosebleeds once in a while or more often. The nosebleeds that are most common in kids usually occur near the front of the nose, on the wall separating the two sides of the nose (the septum), and usually start from just one nostril. Sometimes nosebleeds start further back in the nose, but this is rare and occurs mostly in older people or those who have high blood pressure or injuries to their nose or face. What Causes Nosebleeds? Most nosebleeds occur when little blood vessels that line the inside of your nose break and bleed. These blood vessels are very fragile and lie very close to the surface, which makes them easy targets for injury. Common reasons are: nose picking or sticking something up the nose a cold or allergy, especially with sneezing, coughing, and nose blowing dry, heated, indoor air (often occurring during winter), which causes the inside of the nose to become cracked, crusted, and itchy Less often, injuries to the outside of the nose, face, or head can cause nosebleeds. If this happens, you need to see a doctor right away. You can help prevent these types of nosebleeds by wearing protective gear, such as helmets for hockey, football, and baseball and any other sport or activity that requires them. Sometimes nosebleeds may be due to a problem with the blood’s clotting system, but this is rare. If You Get Nosebleeds You know that you should see a doctor if your nosebleed was caused by an injury, such as a punch. But what if it just starts bleeding on its own? Follow these steps: Don’t lie down. Sit up or stand. Use tissues or a damp washcloth to catch the blood. Tip your head forward (don’t lean your head back; this can make blood run down your throat). Pinch the soft part of your nose together (just below the bony part of your nose) and breathe through your mouth. Do this for 10 minutes. Make sure you hold the pressure for 10 minutes without stopping. It seems like a long time when you actually do it, so having someone check the time may help. Do not pick, rub, or blow your nose — this can cause your nose to bleed more. If your nosebleed doesn’t stop after 10 minutes of pressure, pinch it for another 10 minutes. If it still hasn’t stopped, your mom, dad, or another adult should speak with a doctor. Here are some other cases when you need to see the doctor or visit the emergency department: You feel dizzy, weak, or faint (like you might pass out). Your nose is bleeding fast or you seem to be losing a lot of blood. You just started taking a new medicine. You have other symptoms, such as unusual bruising on your body. Nixing Nosebleeds If you’d like to get fewer nosebleeds, what can you do? Well, don’t pick your nose or stick anything up your nose. Also, avoid blowing your nose too forcefully and if you have allergies that bother your nose, see a doctor about them. If you get your allergies under control, your nose probably won’t be as stuffy and irritated. When the inside of your nose feels dry and itchy, it can be tempting to pick it, so talk to your mom or dad about using one or two of these strategies to keep it moist: Use a saline (saltwater) nasal...

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Kids Health | 5 reasons girls should play sport

Posted by on Jan 26, 2015 in Health Topics | 0 comments

Kids Health  |  5 reasons girls should play sport

Why play sports? You might say “to get exercise” and you’d be right. To have fun? That’s true, too. But there’s more. In fact, there are at least 5 more reasons. According to the Women’s Sports Foundation, girls who play sports get a lot more than just fit.       Girls who play sports do better in school. You might think that athletics will take up all your study time. But research shows that girls who play sports do better in school than those who don’t. Exercise improves learning, memory, and concentration, which can give active girls an advantage in the classroom. Girls who play sports learn teamwork and goal-setting skills. Sports teaches valuable life skills. When you working with coaches, trainers, and teammates to win games and achieve goals, you’re learning how to be successful. Those skills will serve you well at work and in family life. Sports are good for a girl’s health. In addition to being fit and maintaining a healthy weight, girls who play sports are also less likely to smoke. And later in life, girls who exercise are less likely to get breast cancer or osteoporosis. Playing sports boosts self-confidence. Girls who play sports feel better about themselves. Why? It builds confidence when you know you can practice, improve, and achieve your goals. Sports are also a feel-good activity because they help girls get in shape, maintain a healthy weight, and make new friends. Exercise cuts the pressure. Playing sports can lessen stressand help you feel a little happier. How? The brain chemicals released during exercise improve a person’s mood. Friends are another mood-lifter. And being on a team creates tight bonds between friends. It’s good to know your teammates will support you — both on and off the field! Reviewed by: Mary L. Gavin, MD| Source:...

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Sun Smart | Skin Cancer

Posted by on Jan 20, 2015 in Health Topics | 0 comments

Sun Smart  |  Skin Cancer

The Cancer Association of South Africa (CANSA) is urging all South Africans to be SunSmart to reduce the high incidence of skin cancer in the country. Skin cancer is the most common cancer in South Africa with about 20 000 reported cases every year and 700 deaths. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that between two and three million non-melanoma skin cancers and approximately 132 000 malignant melanomas occur globally every year. South Africa has the second highest incidence of skin cancer in the world after Australia. The good news is that skin cancer can be prevented by respecting the sun. The three most common types of skin cancers are basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and malignant melanoma. A significant part of a person‟s lifetime exposure occurs before the age of 18. Overexposure to ultraviolet radiation can also lead to inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva of the eye, and may cause and accelerate the development of cataracts. What does a sun protection factor (SPF) mean? It refers to the extra protection offered by applying a specific sunscreen lotion to the skin. If your skin usually starts to change colour within five minutes, a sunscreen with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 20 protects your skin for 20 times as long, i.e. 5 times 20, which equals 100 minutes. Remember, there is no such thing as a „complete‟ sun-blocker, as all sunscreen lotions need to be reapplied at regular intervals. What does UV mean?  Ultra violet (UV) rays are part of the light spectrum that reaches the earth. There are two kinds of UV rays that damage our skin. The broader UVB rays cause the browning reaction that we call „tanning‟ and are responsible for the redness of skin, painful burning, skin damage and skin spots and ultimately skin cancer. UVA rays penetrate deeper into the skin and can damage the structure of the cells, causing ageing, as well as increasing the risk of skin cancer – it is currently accepted that UVA rays are the cause of malignant melanoma. Owing to the hole in the ozone layer (known to protect the earth from the sun), South Africa is receiving increased amounts of UVA and UVB rays from the sun. High Risk Exposure  Everyone is at risk of getting skin cancer, although people with darker skins are less susceptible because their skin contains more natural melanin that protects against sun damage. People with fair skin, especially those with red hair, moles or skin spots, as well as people with a personal or family history of skin cancer, or who play sport outdoors, work in the sun or spend a lot of time driving, are considered high-risk. At least 80% of sun-induced skin damage occurs before the age of 18 and only manifests later in life. Therefore it is imperative to take special care of children in the sun, whether it is at the pool, on the beach, at play or at school. Babies younger than one year should never be exposed to direct sunlight. When it comes to protecting the young ones, mothers of babies and toddlers; educators and caregivers can play an important role. Spot the Spot  Check your skin carefully every month and ask a family member or friend to examine your back and the top of your head. If you notice any of the warning signs, see a doctor or dermatologist immediately. Warning signs  A-symmetry – a mole or mark with one half unlike the other – common moles are round and symmetrical B-order irregularities – scalloped or poorly defined edges – common...

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