Posts made in September, 2014

World Heart Day | 29 Sept 2014

Posted by on Sep 29, 2014 in Health Topics | 0 comments

World Heart Day  |  29 Sept 2014

World Heart Day was founded in 2000 to inform people around the globe that heart disease and stroke are the world’s leading causes of death, claiming 17.3 million lives each year. World Heart Day is an annual event which takes place on 29 September every year. Each year’s celebrations have a different theme, reflecting key issues and topics relating to heart health. 2014’s theme is creating heart-healthy environments. Together with World Heart Federation members, World Heart Day spreads the news that at least 80% of premature deaths from cardiovascular disease (CVD) could be avoided if four main risk factors – tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol – are controlled. The success of World Heart Day depends on the proactivity of organizations from around the world to help us spread awareness of CVD, the world’s number one killer. This year, World Heart Day’s theme is creating heart-healthy environments. The places in which we live, work and play should not increase our risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). But individuals frequently cannot make heart-healthy choices due to environmental factors, such as the availability of healthy food or smoke-free zones....

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Eye Care Awareness Week | 23 Sept – 20 Oct

Posted by on Sep 22, 2014 in Health Topics | 0 comments

Eye Care Awareness Week  |  23 Sept – 20 Oct

It’s Eye Care Awareness Month! Are you one of millions of people around the world walking around with a sight-threatening disease? Unless you have your eyes checked regularly by a professional, you might not even be aware that your sight’s in danger. Some diseases, like glaucoma, have no early warning signs. Instead, vision deteriorates silently and painlessly until it results in total blindness. But if glaucoma’s detected early enough and is correctly treated, vision loss and blindness may be prevented. Eyesight’s one of the most precious gifts a person can have. That’s why we encourage you to have your eyes checked this October, during Eye Care Awareness Month (ECAM). Many people don’t pay much attention to their eyesight or the health of their eyes. It’s unfortunate, as 80% of blindness is avoidable. Most eye conditions can be successfully treated if detected early. So please get your eyes tested this October, and take practical measures to protect your eyes like wearing sunglasses and protecting your eyes against injuries. Your vision is a great gift. Please pay it the attention it deserves. ECAM eye-care tips: Visit an optometrist or doctor regularly and don’t ignore problems with your eyes. This way you can detect and treat eye conditions early on. Protect your eyes from damage or scratches from foreign objects that can lead to infection or damage. Wear protective eye-wear when working with equipment that may cause shards to fly into your eyes. Wear sunglasses that give your eyes proper protection from the damaging rays of the sun. Take regular breaks from your computer screen to minimise eye strain and the development of eye-focusing problems.   Have you ever wondered what the world looks like through the eyes of someone who has glaucoma, a cataract or other vision problems? This will give you some insight Normal 20/20 vision What do images look like? Everything is sharp and in focus. There are no blurred edges when you look at objects close to you or far away. Why? The lens of the eye focuses the light rays exactly on the retina at the back of the eyeball. The eye is like a digital camera on autofocus – just more sophisticated. The eye muscles, cornea and lens continuously adjust, allowing the image you’re looking at to focus precisely onto your retina. Near-sightedness What do images look like? Objects close by are clear and in focus but everything far away looks blurred and hazy. Why? If the eyeball is too wide (like a ball being squeezed from the top and bottom), mainly because of genetic factors, or if the cornea is too curved, light rays focus on a point in front of the retina instead of on the retina itself. Some people even struggle to see objects right in front of them clearly. How many people are affected? It’s very common: one in three people are affected. How can it be corrected? With glasses or contact lenses. Laser surgery can enable people with a low degree of near-sightedness to stop using their spectacles or contact lenses while people who are badly near-sighted may afterwards be less dependent on them. Laser surgery can be done only once the condition has stabilised, usually after the age of 18. Presbyopia What do images look like? Objects that are close, such as the text in a magazine, are out of focus. They look like the images of far-sightedness (right). The afflicted person has to hold the text further away to read it. When the person looks up he initially finds it difficult to focus on distant objects. Why? After the age of 40 the lens of the eye...

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